The barley genome assembly in Ensembl Plants is version 082214v1. This is a gene-space assembly of Hordeum vulgare cv. Morex generated by the International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium, with contigs ordered into chromosomal pseudomolecules using POPSEQ data from Ariyadasa et al. and Mascher et al. The gene models are provided by the PGSB group at the German Research Centre for Environmental Health. The data presented in Ensembl Plants has been organised as part of the U.K. Barley Genome Sequencing Project, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.

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About Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare (barley) is the world's fourth most important cereal crop and an important model for ecological adaptation, having been cultivated in all temperate regions from the Arctic Circle to the tropics. It was one of the first domesticated cereal grains originating in the Fertile Crescent over 10,000 years ago. About two-thirds of the global barley crop is used for animal feed, while the remaining third underpins the malting, brewing, and distilling industries. Although the human diet is not a primary use, barley offers potential health benefits, and is still the major calorie source in several parts of the world. Barley is a diploid member of the grass family, making it a natural model for the genetics and genomics of the Triticeae tribe, including polyploid wheat and rye. With a haploid genome size of ~5.3 Gbp in 7 chromosomes, it is one of the largest diploid genomes sequenced to date.

Taxonomy ID 112509

Data source IBSC

More information and statistics

Gene annotation

What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.

More about this genebuild

Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA


What can I find? Short sequence variants.

More about variation in Hordeum vulgare

More about variation in Ensembl Plants

Download all variants - GVF - VCF

About this species